The GABR Project ( Genome Atlas of Bamboo and Rattan Project )

  • Chishui is known as

    'Bamboo sea' in Chishui, China ( Photoed by INBAR ) --GABR Project, omics datasets to improve the conservation and utilization of the world’s bamboos and rattans

  • Bamboo house(Photoed by INBAR)

    Bamboo house ( Photoed by INBAR ) --GABR Project, omics datasets to improve the conservation and utilization of the world’s bamboos and rattans

  • Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Photoed by Hansheng Zhao)

    Daemonorops jenkinsiana ( Photoed by Hansheng Zhao ) --GABR Project, omics datasets to improve the conservation and utilization of the world’s bamboos and rattans

Project summary

Bamboo and rattan (BR) are economically and ecologically important species with wide applications nowadays. Despite their significance, genetic researches of BR species were affected by lacking of genomic resources, which precludes the understanding and applications of BR. With such background (more detailed background information can be found in the commentary by Zhao et al., Gigascience,2017), the Genome Atlas of Bamboo and Rattan (GABR) Project was initiated in 2016 by the GABR consortium in order to accelerate genetic researches and applications for bamboo and rattan species. The GABR project aimed at generating valuable genomic resources for both bamboo and rattan with global efforts, by sequencing the transcriptomes of all the bamboo species and establishing the reference genomes for the representative rattan species. Thus GABR project has two core subprojects of Bamboo-T1K (Transcriptomes of 1,000 bamboos) and Rattan-G5 (Genomes of 5 rattans), as well as several other cooperative subprojects. We are also preparing a commentary to describe details of this projects (Zhao et al., Gigascience,2017).

Phase I of GABR Project

Currently, we are in the first phase of the GABR project, to generate DNA bacodes and transcriptomes of ~340 representative Old World bamboo species, as well as genome data of two rattan species (Daemonorops jenkinsiana and Calamus simplicifolius). We are also carrying out several other subprojects as indicated below. Right now we are in the process of data generation, and the generated data will first be share in the website , and then as well as the public databases including NCBI SRA and China Nation GeneBank (CNGB) . We aimed at finishing Phase I of GABR Project before the end of 2017.

Current subprojects of Phase I in GABR Projects :

Omics Data types Topics of subprojects
Bambusoideae evaluation based on nuclear phylogenomics
Identification of bamboo species using DNA barcodes
Genome sequencing and assembly for the rattans
Cellular and molecular characterization of single internode growth of bamboo
Transcriptome analysis to reveal the mechanism controlling shortened internodes in bamboo
Genome-wide profiling of non-coding circular RNAs in bamboo
Comprehensive analysis of seasonal phytochemical changes in bamboo as food for captive giant panda
Integrated transcriptomics and metabolomics approaches to reveal terpenoid biosynthesis pathways in bamboo.
Floral transcriptome reveals surprising protein sequence conservation in the flowering pathway
Gene network analysis and functional module identification for bamboo
A pipeline for plant genome annotation developed for high-throughput sequence data of bamboo and rattan
  • G: Genome; T: Transcriptome; P: Proteome; M: Metabolome

The GABR consortium

The GABR consortium was initiated by INBAR (International Network for Bamboo and Rattan) in 2016. INBAR is the intergovernmental organization that was founded in 1997 through a treaty deposited with the United Nations, with global members having bamboo and rattan resources. The GABR Project is supported by ICBR (International Center for Bamboo and Rattan), one of the major members of INBAR. GABR consortium is an international, collaborative and non-profit initiative to generate valuable genomic resources for BR species. The consortium now consists of ~100 scientists from 52 scientific institutions and universities across 42 countries and one intergovernmental organization.


GABR consortium would like to invite any experts and institutions to participate in the project. As all the current members in the consortium, participants should contribute to collections of additional BR resources, genomic data generation or further analysis of the generated genomic data. You can provide a brief proposal of your potential contribution to GABR Project via email to Professor Zhimin Gao at We will carefully consider your proposal and let you know whether and how we think we can participate in this consortium.

More background information

Standard Systems of Bamboo and Rattan Products in China
  • Standards are applied in bamboo and rattan's applications in furniture, construction, decoration, paper and pulp making, chemicals, textiles, foods.
  • Up to date, China's bamboo and rattan relative standards includes 33 national standards, 70 standards in the forestry sector, 50 industry standards in other sector and 167 local standards regarding to bamboo and rattan.
  • Now there're 19 national standards and 45 standardss in the forestry sector are under developmet.
General Information on China's Bamboo Industry
  • China is the top country in the world in bamboo biodiversity, area, production, processing and international trade.
  • There are 503 bamboo species in China, the total bamboo forest area of China have reached 6.01 millon hectares.
  • There are more than 12,000 bamboo processing enterprisess in China, they produces more than 10,000 different types of products.
  • The total annual production value of China's bamboo sector have exceeded 30 billion USD, which is approximately 50% of the world total production value.
  • China's annual bamboo international trade value is 1.2 billion USD, which is approximately 65% of the world.
  • In China, bamboos and bamboo products are widely applied in agriculture, constructions, water conservancy, transportation, textile and light industries, etc..

The GABR project is initiated and supported by ICBR.